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Biosociology
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 306

Biosociology

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2017-09-08
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  • Publisher: Routledge

Anthony Walsh bridges the divide separating sociology from biology—a divide created in the late nineteenth century when sociology emerged from the fields of social theory and philosophy. Walsh focuses on the viewpoint held by former American Sociological Association president Douglas Massey: sociologists have allowed the fact that we are social beings to obscure the biological foundations upon which our behaviour ultimately rests. Walsh argues that sociology has nothing to fear and a wealth of riches to gain if it pays attention to the theories, concepts, and methodologies of the biological sciences. Both study the same phenomena. Beginning with an examination of the reasons why we need a ...

Science Wars
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 208

Science Wars

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2017-07-28
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  • Publisher: Routledge

Few issues cause academics to disagree more than gender and race, especially when topics are addressed in terms of biological differences. To conduct research in these areas or comment favorably on research can subject one to scorn.When these topics are addressed, they generally take the form of philosophical debates. Anthony Walsh focuses upon such debates and supporting research. He divides parties into biologists and social constructionists, arguing that biologists remain focused on laboratory work, while constructionists are acutely aware of the impact of biologists in contested territories.Science Wars introduces the ideas motivating the parties and examines social constructionism and i...

Race and Crime
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 160

Race and Crime

This book examines the incendiary issue of racial variation in crime rates in the United States and in many other countries using a variety of data sources. It examines the latest genetic data asserting the reality of the concept of race, and various lines of evidence from population genetics, evolutionary biology, and anthropology pertinent to the evolution of racial differences in behaviour. Because males of African descent commit a disproportionate number of crimes in all countries where crime rates are classified by racial categories are available, the emphasis is on explaining black crime relative to white and Asian crime. In addition to run-of-the-mill street crimes, racial differences...

Introduction to Criminology
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 621

Introduction to Criminology

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2010-12-09
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  • Publisher: SAGE

A unique text/reader that takes a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the study of criminology Providing an affordable alternative to the standard textbook, this new edition of the authors’ popular text/reader provides instructors and students the best of both worlds – authored text with carefully selected accompanying readings. Now thoroughly updated with new articles, new content, and new statistics, tables, and figures, this Second Edition provides an interdisciplinary perspective on crime and criminality that incorporates the latest theories, concepts, and research from sociology, psychology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and the neurosciences. The new edition is divided i...

The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 232

The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2016-03-03
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  • Publisher: Routledge

The main feature of this work is that it explores criminal behavior from all aspects of Tinbergen's Four Questions. Rather than focusing on a single theoretical point of view, this book examines the neurobiology of crime from a biosocial perspective. It suggests that it is necessary to understand some genetics and neuroscience in order to appreciate and apply relevant concepts to criminological issues. Presenting up-to-date information on the circuitry of the brain, the authors explore and examine a variety of characteristics, traits and behavioral syndromes related to criminal behavior such as ADHD, intelligence, gender, the age-crime curve, schizophrenia, psychopathy, violence and substance abuse. This book brings together the sociological tradition with the latest knowledge the neurosciences have to offer and conveys biological information in an accessible and understanding way. It will be of interest to scholars in the field and to professional criminologists.

Criminology
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 311

Criminology

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2011-10-11
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  • Publisher: SAGE

Criminology: The Essentials presents a well-written overview of the major theoretical perspectives and crime types discussed in most introductory criminology classes. It covers the most up-to-date theories and research in a concise manner in a cost-effective format. Each chapter in the book includes chapter-opening vignettes, interesting photos, many tables and figures to engage students interest. In the often-difficult theory chapters are concluding Policy and Prevention sections, and summary tables to compare and contrast the theories presented. to promote a deep understanding of the concepts presented.

Correctional Assessment, Casework, and Counseling
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 529

Correctional Assessment, Casework, and Counseling

This edition covers practical interviewing and counseling skills, including how to adapt counseling theories to community or institutional corrections, and how to supervise the alcoholic, drug addict, sex offender, schizophrenic, and mentally immature client. Sample case materials, such as pre-sentence reports, sentencing guidelines, classification scales, and risk and needs scales give readers an understanding of the actual assessment process. This edition also includes an expanded section on the legal issues involved in counseling these individuals. Walsh has incorporated the latest research and data to ensure this manual remains timely. An instructor's manual is available with the purchase of 10 or more books.

Biology and Criminology
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 378

Biology and Criminology

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2010-03-17
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  • Publisher: Routledge

Numerous criminologists have noted their dissatisfaction with the state of criminology. The need for a new paradigm for the 21st century is clear. However, many distrust biology as a factor in studies of criminal behavior, whether because of limited exposure or because the orientation of criminology in general has a propensity to see it as racist, classist, or at least illiberal. This innovative new book by noted criminologist Anthony Walsh dispels such fears, examining how information from the biological sciences strengthens criminology work and both complements and improves upon traditional theories of criminal behavior. With its reasoned case for biological science as a fundamental tool of the criminologist, Walsh's groundbreaking work will be required reading for all students and faculty within the field of criminology.

Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 242

Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2018-10-17
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  • Publisher: Routledge

Some of the brightest minds in criminology who were nurtured on the strictly environmentalist paradigm of the 20th century have declared that biosocial criminology is the paradigm for the 21st century. This book attempts to unite this ever-growing field with the premier neurobiological theory of personality, otherwise known as reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST). Anthony Walsh places the highly variable number of biosocial approaches under a single theoretical umbrella, whilst providing a unique integrative framework. As the leading neurobiological theory of personality and behavior in psychology today, RST focuses around the age-old question of how naturally selfish social animals can ac...

Corrections: A Text/Reader
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 703

Corrections: A Text/Reader

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2012-03-20
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  • Publisher: SAGE

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.